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Greek Wine Regions


MACEDONIA

Region of Macedonia - Greece

Naoussa
Goumenissa
Amyntaion
EPIROS

Zitsa
THESSALIA

Region of Thessalia - Greece

Rapsani
Ankhialos
PELOPONNESOS

Region of Peloponnesos - Greece

Nemea
Patras
Mantinia
IONIAN ISLANDS

Region of Ionian Islands - Greece

Kephalonia
AEGEAN ISLANDS

Region of Northern Aegean Islands - Greece

Region of Dodecanesa (Southern Aegean Islands) - Greece

Lemnos
Samos
Paros
Santorini
Rhodes
CRETE

Region of Crete  - Greece

Archanes
Daphnes
Peza
Siteia
REGIONS WITH SUPERIOR QUALITY WINES

There are areas in Greece where wine makers use local tradition for the production of superior quality wines. In order to preserve the consistency in quality the Greek legislators  have voted on a regulation with the following requirements:

  • the wines produced must be from choice grape varieties

  • the winery should use a specific system of cultivation

  • there should be a maximum level of vine yield, and  

  • there should be a minimum level of sugar content in the grape must. 

The regulation characterizes wines as: 

  1.  Appellations of  Origin of Superior Quality

  2.  Controlled Appellations of Origin

Also, in the case of Controlled Appellations of Origin, the regulation requires a detailed report for the percentage of varieties in the vineyards, new plantings,  production quantities and  stock balance. The table below defines the major regions.

Northern  Greece -  Macedonia

Location: The vineyards are cultivated on an altitude of  350m on Mt Vermio. 
Climate: Continental, cold winters and warm summers, with frequent rainfall. 
Grape variety: Xynomavro.
Wines: Red, dry
Location: The vineyards are cultivated on an altitude of  250m on Mt Paiko. 
Climate: Continental, cold during winter, with a lot of rainfall, warm during summer. 
Grape variety: Xynomavro, Negoska.  
Wines: Red, dry.
Location: The vineyards are cultivated on an altitude of  650m on Mt Vermio. 
Climate: Continental, cold during winter with a lot of rainfall and warm during summer. 
Grape variety: Xynomavro
Wines: Red dry, Rose dry and Rose sparkling.

Central Greece - Epiros, Thessalia

 Zitsa -Epiros 

Location: The vineyards are cultivated on an altitude of 600m near Mt Pindos
Climate: Continental, cold during winter with a lot of snowfall and warm during summer. 
Grape variety: Debina.
Wines: Lightly sparkling White, Dry or Medium Dry.

Rapsani - Thessalia 

Location: The vineyards are cultivated on an altitude of 300-500m on Mt Olympus.
Climate: Cold during winter with a lot of rainfall and very hot during summer. 
Grape variety: Xynomavro, Krasato and Stavroto.
Wines: Red, Dry.

Ankhialos - Thessalia 

Location: The vineyards are cultivated at sea-level loated the Gulf of Pagasitikos.
Climate: Cold during winter with a lot of rainfall and hot during summer. 
Grape variety: Rhoditis,  Savatiano. 
Wines: White, Dry.

Peloponnesos 

 Nemea

Location: The vineyards are cultivated on an altitude of 250-800m to the SE of Corinth.
Climate: Mild winters with a lot of rainfall and hot during summer.
Grape variety: Agiorgitiko
Wines: Red, Dry

 Patras

Location: Hillsides of the city of Patras
Climate: Mild winters with a lot of rainfall and hot during summer.
Grape variety: Rhoditis
Wines: White, Dry 
Grape variety: Mavrodaphne, blended with Korinthiaki
Wines: Red, Sweet 

 Mantinia

Location: The vineyards are cultivated on an altitude of 600m on Mt Mainalo
Climate: Cold winters with a lot of rainfall and hot during summer.
Grape variety: Moschophilero
Wines: White, Dry

Ionian Islands

Cephalonia

 

Location: High vineyards 200-800m above sea-level, planted stony soil.
Climate: Mild winters with a lot of rainfall and hot during summer.
Grape variety: Robola
Wines: White, Dry
Grape variety: Muscat, Mavrodaphne
Wines: Red, Sweet

Aegean Islands

 Lemnos
Location: The vineyards are cultivated at sea-level.
Climate: Mild winters and hot during summer.
Grape variety: Muscat of Alexandria
Wines: White, Sweet or Dry
 Samos
Location: Cultivated on steep, terraced vineyards from sea-level to an altitude of 800 m
Climate: Mild winters and hot during summer.
Grape variety: Muscat
Wines: White, Dry
 Paros
Location: The vineyards are cultivated at sea-level.
Climate: Windy, Mild winter little rainfall, Hot and humid summer.
Grape variety: Mandelaria, Monemvassia
Wines: Red, Dry
 Santorini
Location: The vineyards are cultivated 300m above sea-level.
Climate: Windy, Mild winters little rainfall and hot during summer.
Grape variety: Asyrtiko blended with Athiri and Aedani
Wines: White, Dry
 Rhodes
Location: The vineyards are cultivated on north/north eastern slopes of the Mt Attaviros.
Climate: Mild winters with a lot of rainfall and hot during summer.
Grape variety: Athiri, Mandelaria
Wines: White Dry, Red Dry 
 Crete

Climate:

Mild winters with rainfall and hot during summer.
Region  Wines  Grape variety
Archanes  Red, Dry  Kotsifali, Mandelaria
Daphnes  Red, Dry Red,  Liatiko 
Peza  White, Dry Red, Dry  Vilana, Kotsifali, Mandelaria
Siteia  Red, Dry Red Liatiko

 

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